Amedeo Modigliani var en italiensk målare, skulptör och tecknare och fjärde barnet till Flaminio Modigliani och hans franskfödda hustru, Eugénie Garsin. 1895 drabbades han av lungsäcksinflammation och några år senare insjuknade han i tyfus åtföljd av lungkomplikationer. Under sin konvalescens bestämde han sig för att börja måla, och hans mor ordnade så att han kunde studera för landskapsmålaren Guglielmo Micheli i Livorno.
Modigliani studerade sedan vid konstakademien i Venedig och Florens och anlände 1906 till Paris. Utan att ansluta sig till någon viss grupp eller rörelse tog Modigliani det han ville från Toulouse-Lautrecs och Cézannes målningar, den afrikanska skulpturen, fauvisterna, kubismen och andra experimentella målningar av Picasso och Braque. Desto mer avgörande var mötet med den rumänske skulptören Constantin Brancusi; mellan 1910 och 1913 lade han all sin energi på skulpterandet.
Modigliani's health deteriorated rapidly, and his alcohol-induced blackouts became more frequent.
In 1920, after not hearing from him for several days, a neighbour checked on the family and found Modigliani in bed delirious and holding onto Hébuterne. A doctor was summoned, but little could be done because Modigliani was in the final stage of his disease, dying of tubercular meningitis. He died on January 24, 1920, at the Hôpital de la Charité.
There was an enormous funeral, attended by many from the artistic communities in Montmartre and Montparnasse. When Modigliani died, twenty-one-year-old Hébuterne was eight months pregnant with their second child.
A day later, Hébuterne was taken to her parents' home. There, inconsolable, she threw herself out of a fifth-floor window, a day after Modigliani's death, killing herself and her unborn child. Modigliani was interred in Père Lachaise Cemetery. Hébuterne was buried at the Cimetière
de Bagneux near Paris, and it was not until 1930 that her embittered family allowed her body to be moved to rest beside Modigliani. A single tombstone honors them both. His epitaph
reads: "Struck down by Death at the moment of glory". Hers reads: "Devoted companion to the extreme sacrifice".
Managing only one solo exhibition in his life and giving his work away in exchange for meals in restaurants, Modigliani died destitute.
Amedeo Modigliani was an Italian painter, sculptor and draftsman , and the fourth child of Flaminio Modigliani and his French- born wife, Eugénie Garsin. In 1895 he suffered from pleurisy and a few years later, he fell ill with typhus accompanied by pulmonary complications. During his convalescence, he decided to start painting, and his mother arranged so that he could study for the landscape painter Guglielmo Micheli in Livorno.
Modigliani then studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Venice and Florence and arrived in 1906 to Paris. Without adherence to any particular group or movement took Modigliani what he wanted from Toulouse-Lautrec och Cézannes paintings, African sculpture, fauvisterna, Cubism and other experimental paintings by Picasso and Braque. The more crucial was the meeting with the Romanian sculptor Constantin Brancusi; between 1910 and 1913, he put all his energy into sculpting.