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11. okt, 2015

Sorolla excelled in the painting of portraits, landscapes, and monumental works of social and historical themes. His most typical works are characterized by a dexterous representation of the people and landscape under the sunlight of his native land.

11. okt, 2015

Sorolla som föddes i Valencia började arbeta med bl a historiemåleri i en traditionell idealiserande naturalism, men utvecklade under intryck från Goyas konst från 1880 en mer expressiv gestaltning inte minst i porträtt. Under några reseår i Italien och Frankrike utvecklade han ett något ljusare friluftsmåleri med särskild uppmärksamhet på dagsljusets spel och i senare verk framträder en tydlig inspiration från impressionismen, samtidigt som hans motivvärld blev alltmer vardagens och nuets, inte minst med avspända scener från kust och strand. 

Despite the immensity of the canvases, Sorolla painted all but one en plein air, and travelled to the specific locales to paint them:

NavarreAragonCataloniaValenciaElcheSevilleAndalusiaExtremaduraGaliciaGuipuzcoa, CastileLeon, and Ayamonte, at each site painting models posed in local costume. Each mural celebrated the landscape and culture of its region, panoramas composed of throngs of laborers and locals. By 1917 he was, by his own admission, exhausted.He completed the final panel by July 1919.

Sorolla suffered a stroke in 1920, while painting a portrait in his garden in Madrid. Paralyzed for over three years, he died on 10 August 1923. The Sorolla Room, housing the Provinces of Spain at the Hispanic Society of America, opened to the public in 1926. The room closed for remodeling in 2008, and the murals toured museums in Spain for the first time. The Sorolla Room reopened in 2010, with the murals on permanent display.