Arthur Kaufmann - The Contemporaries 1925 Members of the artist's association "Das Junge Rheinland" (The Young Rhineland). Lower row left to right: Gert Wollheim, Johanna Ey, Karl Schwesig, Adalbert Trillhaase. Upper Row left to right: Herbert Eulenberg, Theo Champion, Jankel Adler, Hilde Schewior,...
Arthur Kaufmann - The Intellectual Emigration 1938 The title The Intellectual Emigration is derived from the people that are represented. They are artists and scientists that went into exile from 1933 on, including Fred Dolbin, Albert Einstein, Otto Klemperer, Fritz Lang, Heinrich Mann, Klaus Mann, ...
He was a founding member in 1919
of Das Junge Rheinland (Young Rhineland), a stylistically diverse group co-led by Herbert Eulenberg, Gert
Wollheim, and Adolf Uzarski, which was united only by their rejection of academic art. Other members included Otto
Dix, Theo Champion, Karl
Schwesig, Walter Ophey, and Adalbert Trillhaase. During this era, he created such works as Contemporaries: Düsseldorf's Intellectual Scene(1925) and his Portrait
of Betty Kohlhaas and Jankel Adler (1927).
Jewish in origin, Kaufmann was labeled "non-Aryan" by the Nazis in 1933 and discharged, along with many of his colleagues, from his post at the Düsseldorf School of Applied Arts. He relocated to the United States, embarking upon a career as a celebrated portrait painter. He specialized in depictions of well-known Jewish men, including such diverse luminaries as Hollywood actor Edward G. Robinson, physicist Albert Einstein, and composer and painter George Gershwin (whose affidavit was responsible for Kaufmann's safe departure from Germany). His portrait of Gershwin is now held by the National Portrait Gallery at the Smithsonian Institution.