Paula Modersohn-Becker - On her Home Veranda ca 1901
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Photo
Paula Modersohn-Becker gifte sig 1901 med Landskapsmålaren Otto Modersohn
Otto Modersohn und Paula Modersohn-Becker 1902
Paula Modersohn-Becker mit Elsbeth im Worpsweder Garten ca 1903
Paula Modersohn-Becker - 1905
Paula Modersohn-Becker - In Ihrem Atelier bei Bruenjes 1905
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Paula with Mathilde Nov 1907 (days before Paula's Death)
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Landscape with Bog Canal 1899
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Old blind woman sitting ca 1899
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Don Quixote 1900
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Kopf eines Jungen Maedchens mit Perlenkette in Profil nach rechts 1901
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Elsbeth ca 1902
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Bildnis des Bruders Henner Becker 1902
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Elsbeth in the Garden 1902
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Mieke Vogeler mit Perlenkette 1902
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Fünf Kinder an einem Hang, Rechts Elsbeth 1902
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Girl in the Garden near the Crystal Ball 1902
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Children in the Sun 1903
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Girl with Child 1902
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Head of a Peasant Woman in Profile 1903
Paula Modersohn-Becker - A Sitzendes Mädchen mit Verschrankten Armen 1903
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Head of a Peasant Woman 1903
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Child in the Cradle 1903
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Infant with Mother's Hand 1903
Heinrich Vogeler - Martha Vogeler and Paula M-B Sleeping in the Garden ca 1904
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Girl Resting on Birch Trunk 1903
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Farmwoman with Child, Rider in the Background 1904
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Head of a Young Blonde Girl Wearing a Straw Hat ca 1904
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Farm Child on Cusions 1904
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Girl at the Duck Pond 1905
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Clara Rilke-Westhoff 1905
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Mädchen mit Kaninchen 1905
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Little Boy and Girl in Flowered Hat 1905
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Head of a Girl Sitting on a Chair ca 1905
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Head of a Girl with Striped Hat ca 1905
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Girl with Stork 1906
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Child/Girl with Goldfish Glass 1906-07
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Lee Hoetger and Her Sister 1906-07
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Boy with Cat 1907
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Adoration of the Magi 1907
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Head of a Girl, Girl with a White Handkerchief 1908
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Old farmer with a Goat 1902
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Old Peasant Woman 1905
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Otto Modersohn Sleeping 1906
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Peasant Girl with Pink Skirt 1904-05
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Portrait of a Girl 1905
Paula Modersohn-Becker - Portrait of a Young Lady in (Woman with) Red Hat 1900
Paula Modersohn-Becker (February 8, 1876 – November 21, 1907) was a German painter and one of the most important representatives of early expressionism. In a brief career, cut short by an embolism at the age of 31, she created a number of groundbreaking images of great intensity. She is becoming recognized as the first female painter to paint female nudes. Using bold forays into subject matter and chromatic color choices, she and fellow-artists Picasso and Matisse introduced the world to modernism at the start of the twentieth century.
Paula Modersohn-Becker (1876-1907) was a German painter and one of the most important representatives of early expressionism. In a brief career, cut short by an embolism at the age of 31, she created a number of groundbreaking images of great intensity.
Paula Becker was born and grew up in Dresden-Friedrichstadt. She was the third child of seven children in her family. Her father, the son of a Russian university professor, was employed with the German railway. Her mother was from an aristocratic family, and her parents provided their children a cultured and intellectual household environment.
In 1888 the family moved from Dresden to Bremen. While visiting an aunt in London, Becker received her first instruction in drawing. In 1893 she was introduced to works of the artists' circle of Worpswede; Otto Modersohn, Fritz Mackensen, Fritz Overbeck and Heinrich Vogeler presented their paintings in Bremen's Art Museum, Kunsthalle Bremen. In addition to her teacher's training in Bremen in 1893-1895, Becker received private instruction in painting. In 1896 she participated in a course for painting and drawing sponsored by the"Verein der Berliner Künstlerinnen" (Union of Berlin Female Artists) which offered art studies to women.
Becker's friend Clara Westhoff left Bremen in early 1899 to study in Paris. By December of that year, Becker followed her there, and in 1900 she studied at the Académie Colarossi in the Latin Quarter.
In April 1900 the great Centennial Exhibition was held in Paris. On this occasion Fritz Overbeck and his wife, along with Otto Modersohn, arrived in June. Modersohn's ailing wife Helen had been left in Worpswede and died during his trip to Paris. With this news Modersohn and the Overbecks rushed back to Germany.
In 1901 Paula married Otto Modersohn and became stepmother to Otto's two-year-old daughter, Elsbeth Modersohn, the child from his first marriage. She functioned in that capacity for two years, then relocated to Paris again in 1903. She and Modersohn lived mostly apart from that time forward until 1907, when she returned to Germany full-time, apparently in hopes of conceiving her own child.
The marriage with Modersohn remained unconsummated until their final year together. By 1906, Becker (now known as Paula Modersohn-Becker) has reversed her previous desire to avoid having children, and began an affair with a well-known Parisian "ladies man". However, by early 1907 she returned to her husband, became pregnant, and in November she delivered a daughter, Mathilde.
After the pregnancy she complained of severe leg pain, so the physician ordered bed rest. After 18 days he told her to get up and begin moving, but apparently an embolism had formed in a leg, and encouraged by her movement, was sufficient to break off and cause her death within hours of her rising.
In 1898, at age 22, Becker immersed herself in the artistic community of Worpswede, where artists such asFritz Mackensen (1866-1953) and Heinrich Vogeler (1872-1942) had retreated to protest against the domination of the art academy and life in the big city. She studied under Mackensen, painting from the nearby farmers, and the northern German landscape. At this time she began close friendships with the sculptor Clara Westhoff (1875-1954) and the poet Rainer Maria Rilke (1875-1926).
Until the years when Paula Becker began the practice, women painters had not widely used nude females as subjects for their work.
Paula Becker was trained in the methods of realism and naturalism, along with a recognizable simplicity of form. She was able to achieve a distinct texture to her work by scratching into the wet paint. She later abandoned those techniques to move into Fauvism. She is becoming recognized as having influenced at least one of Picasso's paintings.
In 1907 Paula Modersohn-Becker returned to her husband in Worpswede, despite period correspondence that indicate her desire for independence. She wrote in detail about her love for her husband but also of her need to delay motherhood in her pursuit of artistic freedom. She continued to express ambivalence regarding motherhood as she was concerned about her ability to paint while raising a child; her diary entries indicate that she had planned on achieving a painting career by age thirty, then having children. So, when her daughter Mathilde (Tillie) Modersohn was born on November 2, 1907, Paula and Otto were joyous. The joy became tragedy nineteen days later, when Paula suddenly died. She had complained of pain in her legs after the delivery, and was advised to remain in bed. When the physician returned on 21 November, he advised her to rise. She walked a few steps, then sat down, called for the infant to be placed in her arms, complained of leg pain, and died, saying only "What a pity." She was buried in the Worpswede Cemetery where her grave is preserved.