Ivan Albertoviĉ Punish ( Russian : Иван Альбертович Пуни) , also known as Jean Pougny (born20 February 1892 in Kuokkala (province of St. Petersburg , died 28 December 1956 in Paris ) was a Russian avant-garde painter .
Ivan Puni born in Kuokkala (then Grand Duchy of Finland in the Russian Empire , now Repino in Russia ). The family was of Italian descent. He is the grandson of a leading Italian composer of ballet music, Cesare punch .
Punish received his formal training in Paris in 1910-11 at the Académie Julien and in other schools, where he painted in faŭvisma style. After his return to Russia in 1912, he met and exhibited with, members of the St Petersburg forefront of St. Petersburg, including Kazimir Malevich and Vladimir Tatlin. He made a second visit to Paris in 1914 and returned to St. Petersburg in 1915 due to advent of the First World War . Then he began to paint in a cubist style memorial to Juan Gris. In 1915, Puni, Aleksandra Outside , Liubov Popova, Ivan Kliun, Ksenia Boguslavskaya, Olga Rozanova, Nadezhda Udaltsova Nina Genke and others formed the group Supremus, dedicated to the promulgation of Suprematismo , the abstract art movement founded by Malevich. Malevich and Punish together wrote the Suprematisman Manifest n, published in 1916, which proclaimed a new, abstract art for a new historical era. Punish also organized the exhibitions Tram 5 and 0.10 , both held in St. Petersburg in 1915. In 1915-1916 punish, along with other suprematismaj artists, worked at the Verbovka Village Folk Center. In 1919, he taught at the Vitebsk Art School whose former chief was Marc Chagall .
Punish and his wife, Kseniya Boguslavskaya, emigrated from Russia in 1919, first to Finland , and later in 1920 to Berlin, where the first exhibition entirely composed of his works was held at the gallery Der Sturm . In Berlin, Puni has also worked as a designer of theatrical costumes and scenes. Punish and Boguslavskaya moved to Paris in 1924, where his style has changed to a variant of Impressionism .
In France, he signed his works with the name Jean Pougny to distance his new artistic practice of the previous held in Russia. In 1946, Puni / Pougny became a French citizen. He died in Paris in 1956.