Konstalbum-Béla Kádár

Béla Kádár was an Hungarian artist born to a  (working-class) middle-class Jewish family. Began painting murals in Budapest. He had considerable international success in the 1920s and 1930s and exhibited in important spaces in Hungary, Berlin (Der Sturm Gallery) and New York (Brooklyn Museum). His first major exhibition was in Berlin in 1923 in which expressionist works were exhibited. Presented two solo exhibitions at the Brooklyn Museum of Art.

and, due to his fathers early death, was apprenticed as an iron-turner after completing only six years in primary school. He eventually began his career as an artist by painting murals in Budapest. In the wake of the First World War however, and its tragic political outcomes, the promising process that could have made modern art take root in Hungary was interrupted for a long while. Though not initially persecuted politically, Kadar, due to his leftist commitments, found himself in a void in Budapest; Having already made two pilgrimages to Paris and Berlin by 1910, he was keen to appear on international testing grounds, both existentially and professionally and by 1918 he had left his family behind to try himself in Western Europe. Kadars first important exhibition came in October 1923 at Herwarth Waldens gallery Der Sturm, in Berlin. During the course of the Berlin years, Kadars earlier expressionist style changed: the emotionally charged and powerful graphic tone that characterised his work before the 1920s was replaced by a more romantic mood. Elements of folk tale and fantasy gained prominence whilst his subject matter became more narrative. Influenced by the German Expressionist artists and Der Blaue Reiters, Kadar depicted rustic village scenes within primary compositions. His surrealistic dream imagery is more akin to Marc Chagalls compositions however. Kadar adopted in his work a remarkable number of international trends, including Cubism, Futurism, Neo-Primitivism, Constructivism, and the Metaphysical School.

with considerable international success in the 1920s and 1930s and exhibited in important spaces in Hungary, Berlin (Der Sturm Gallery) and New York (Brooklyn Museum).

 

In 1937 his works were exhibited in the notorious "Degenerate Art" exhibition, in which the Nazis presented leading artists who created "Jewish and Bolshevik" art, such as Picasso and Ernst Kirchner.

When the Nazis occupied Hungary, Kadar was forced to live under the guise of the Budapest ghetto. He served as assistant to the ghetto doctor, and on his prescription pages he drew scenes from ghetto life and added comments. After the war he died and was forgotten in Hungary.

At the end of the war he was miraculously saved by Raoul Wallenberg.

 

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