Konstalbum-Alexander Rodchenko

Aleksandr Rodtjenko F: 5 Dec 1891 i Sankt Petersburg D: 3 Dec 1956 i Moskva

Aleksandr Mihaylovich Rodchenko - Dance, Aimless Comp 1915

Alexandr Archipenko - Composition ca 1917

Alexandr Rodchenko - Aimless Comp No. 50, 1918

Alexander Rodchenko - Airline Dobrolet 1923

Alexander Rodchenko - Circle and Line Comp

Alexander Rodchenko - Comp N/D

Alexandr Rodchenko - Comp No. 61, 1918

Alexander Rodchenko - Comp Superimposed Triangles 1918

Alexander Rodchenko - Composition

Alexander Rodchenko - Composition (Krásnoe), Composition (Winning Red) 1918

Alexander Rodchenko - Composition 1919

Alexander Rodchenko - Composition 1917

Alexander Rodchenko - Construction 1919

Alexander Rodchenko - Construction No. 95, 1919

Alexander Rodchenko - Constructive Comp 1919

Alexander Rodchenko - Constructivism, A Series of Costume Designs for We

Alexander Rodchenko - Costume Design for a Clown 1920

Alexander Rodchenko - Costume Design for We 1919-20

Alexander Rodchenko - Cup and Saucer 1922

Alexander Rodchenko - Design for a Kiosk 1919

Alexander Rodchenko - Footballer

Alexander Rodchenko - Jug for Hot

Alexander Rodchenko - Non-Obj Comp

Alexander Rodchenko - Non-Objective Painting, Illusory Comp 1917

Alexander Rodchenko - Non-Representational Construction of Projected and Painted Surfaces of a Complex Comp with Colours 1917

Alexandr Rodchenko - Objectless Comp

Alexander Rodchenko - Photographs, Stereotypes (from the series Essay on a Newspaper) 1928

Alexander Rodchenko - Pure Blue Colour 1921

Alexander Rodchenko - Pure Red Colour 1921

Alexander Rodchenko - Pure Yellow Colour 1921

Alexander Rodchenko - Two Robots [Workers] 1920

Alexander Rodchenko - Untitled 1917

Alexander Rodchenko - White Circle 1918

Alexander Rodchenko - Yellow and Red 1918

Alexander Rodchenko – Non-Objective Composition 1917-18

Alexandr Rodchenko – Abstract Composition

Alexandr Rodchenko – Abstract Composition

Alexander Rodchenko - Abstrakte Komposition

Alexander Rodchenko - Abstrakte Komposition in Schwarz und Rot 1919

Alexander Rodchenko - Abstrakte Komposition mit Kugeln

Alexander Rodchenko - Abstrakte Komposition

Alexandr Rodchenko - Champion le Marque Noir ca 1919

Alexander Rodchenko - Comp 1918

Alexandr Rodchenko - Composition 1915

Alexandr Rodchenko - Composition 1918

Alexander Rodchenko - Comp Géométrique

Alexander Rodchenko - Constructivist Collage 1919-20

Alexander Rodchenko - Das Paar

Alexander Rodchenko - Esquisse pour un Costume de Théâtre 1920

Alexandr Rodchenko - Fuss 1920

Alexandr Rodchenko - Komposition 1918

Alexandr Rodchenko - Konstruktion 1919-20

Alexandr Rodchenko - Kopf 1920

Alexandr Rodchenko - Ohne Titel 1917

Alexandr Rodchenko - Ohne Titel 1917

Alexandr Rodchenko - Ohne Titel 1919

Alexandr Rodchenko - Ohne Titel 1919

Alexandr Rodchenko - Projet de Costume, Le Champion 1920

Alexandr Rodchenko - Rabotschii (Arbeiter)

Alexandr Rodchenko - Resinotrest (Rubber Trust) 1924

Alexandr Rodchenko - Sin Titulo 1917

Alexandr Rodchenko - Sitzendes Paar

Alexandr Rodchenko - The Juggler 1935

Alexandr Rodchenko - Dancer of the East 1919

Alexander Rodchenko - Non Objective Composition

Alexandr Rodchenko - Construction Non-Objective Comp 1917-18

Alexandr Rodchenko - Abstraktion Bristning 1920

Alexandr Rodchenko - Constructive Composition

Aleksander Mikhailovich Rodchenko (RussianАлекса́ндр Миха́йлович Ро́дченко; 5 December [O.S. 23 November] 1891 – December 3, 1956) was a Russian artistsculptorphotographer and graphic designer. He was one of the founders of constructivism and Russian design; he was married to the artist Varvara Stepanova.

Rodchenko was one of the most versatile Constructivist and Productivist artists to emerge after the Russian Revolution. He worked as a painter and graphic designer before turning to photomontage and photography. His photography was socially engaged, formally innovative, and opposed to a painterly aesthetic. Concerned with the need for analytical-documentary photo series, he often shot his subjects from odd angles—usually high above or down below—to shock the viewer and to postpone recognition. He wrote: "One has to take several different shots of a subject, from different points of view and in different situations, as if one examined it in the round rather than looked through the same key-hole again and again."

Rodchenko was born in St. Petersburg to a working-class family who moved to Kazan after the death of his father, in 1909. He became an artist without having had any exposure to the art world, drawing much inspiration from art magazines. In 1910, Rodchenko began studies under Nicolai Fechin and Georgii Medvedev at the Kazan Art School, where he met Varvara Stepanova, whom he later married.

After 1914, he continued his artistic training at the Stroganov Institute in Moscow, where he created his first abstract drawings, influenced by the Suprematism of Kazimir Malevich, in 1915. The following year, he participated in "The Store" exhibition organized by Vladimir Tatlin, who was another formative influence.

Rodchenko's work was heavily influenced by Cubism and Futurism, as well as by Malevich's Suprematist compositions, which featured geometric forms deployed against a white background. While Rodchenko was a student of Tatlin’s he was also his assistant, and the interest in figuration that characterized Rodchenko's early work disappeared as he experimented with the elements of design. He utilized a compass and ruler in creating his paintings, with the goal of eliminating expressive brushwork.

Rodchenko worked in Narkompros and he was one of the organizers of RABIS. RABIS was formed in 1919–1920.

Rodchenko was appointed Director of the Museum Bureau and Purchasing Fund by the Bolshevik Government in 1920, responsible for the reorganization of art schools and museums. He became secretary of the Moscow Artists' Union and set up the Fine Arts Division of the People's Commissariat for Education, and helped found the Institute for Artistic Culture.

He taught from 1920 to 1930 at the Higher Technical-Artistic Studios (VKhUTEMAS/VKhUTEIN), a Bauhaus organization with a "checkered career". It was disbanded in 1930.

In 1921 he became a member of the Productivist group, with Stepanova and Aleksei Gan, which advocated the incorporation of art into everyday life. He gave up painting in order to concentrate on graphic design for posters, books, and films. He was deeply influenced by the ideas and practice of the filmmaker Dziga Vertov, with whom he worked intensively in 1922.

Impressed by the photomontage of the German Dadaists, Rodchenko began his own experiments in the medium, first employing found images in 1923, and from 1924 on, shooting his own photographs as well. His first published photomontage illustrated Mayakovsky's poem, "About This", in 1923. In 1924, Rodchenko produced what is likely his most famous poster, an advertisement for the Lengiz Publishing House sometimes titled "Books", which features a young woman with a cupped hand shouting "книги по всем отраслям знания" (Books in all branches of knowledge), printed in modernist typography.

From 1923 to 1928 Rodchenko collaborated closely with Mayakovsky (of whom he took several portraits) on the design and layout of LEF and Novy LEF, the publications of Constructivist artists. Many of his photographs appeared in or were used as covers for these journals. His images eliminated unnecessary detail, emphasized dynamic diagonal composition, and were concerned with the placement and movement of objects in space. During this period, he and Stepanova did the well-known painted panels of the Mosselprom building in Moscow. Their daughter, Varvara Rodchenko, was born in 1925.

Throughout the 1920s, Rodchenko's work was very abstract. In the 1930s, with the changing Party guidelines governing artistic practice, he concentrated on sports photography and images of parades and other choreographed movements.

Rodchenko joined the October Group of artists in 1928 but was expelled three years later, charged with "formalism". He returned to painting in the late 1930s, stopped photographing in 1942, and produced abstract expressionist works in the 1940s. He continued to organize photography exhibitions for the government during these years. He died in Moscow in 1956.

 
Rodchenko and Stepanova, 1920s

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Rodchenko